Terese Monette O. Aquino, MD, DPDS, DDSP-PDS
Fendi EJ R. Bautista, MD,
Patricia Angelica Pastrana-Mabanta, MD, MBA, DPDS
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have demonstrated various information about COVID-19 infection. With this, the authors intend to abridge, present, and synthesize current available information, focusing on the cutaneous manifestations of COVID-19 infection, to help guide dermatologists in understanding the dermatologic aspect of this disease.
OBJECTIVE This s tudy a ims to review t he d ifferent c utaneous m anifestations of COVID-19 by m orphology a nd to evaluate the lesions seen in the different age groups. Furthermore, this study aims to discuss cutaneous findings together with histologic evidence and hypothesized pathophysiology, and to review the management used in treating COVID-19-related cutaneous manifestations.
METHODS OVID® and PubMed databases were used to search in detail for COVID-19-induced skin lesions across all ages and their management.
DISCUSSION COVID-19 affects the skin, hair and nails of patients. These may be attributed to the different virologic phases as well as the immune response of the body. Histopathologic findings of these lesions vary depending on the clinical presentation.
Use of corticosteroid therapy and antihistamines as treatment for some cutaneous manifestations of COVID-19 showed good response.
CONCLUSION COVID-19 infection-associated cutaneous manifestations present with different morphologies. It is important for dermatologists to gain better understanding of this disease in order to promptly identify and suspect the possibility of this illness, as well as provide appropriate actions.
KEYWORDS COVID-19, coronavirus, skin, cutaneous manifestations, COVID-19 management
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