(Last Updated On: January 2, 2020)

Authors: Katrina Carmela M. Belen, MD, DPDS, Jasmin J.Jamora, MD, FPDS , Ma. Cecilia P. Ingente MD, DPDS


Background: Dermoscopy, a non-invasive diagnostic tool, has been proven to improve the diagnostic accuracy of vascular tumors since it can aid in identifying vascular structures as well as morphology of vessels. Tumor depth and precise vascular structures can also be evaluated through dermoscopy.
Objective: The study aimed to describe the dermoscopic features of red tumors in Filipino patients seen at the Outpatient Dermatology Department of two centers from January 2013 to July 2014.
Methods: Patients with red tumors were recruited to the study. Dermoscopic features were described for each tumor, and histopathology was done.
Results: A total of 44 patients were included in the study, and 45 red tumors were evaluated. The tumors were located on the face (31%), trunk (36%), and extremities (33%). The majority of the red tumors were confirmed to be vascular tumors (78%) on histopathology. Dermoscopic features that were found in the majority of vascular tumors seen were lacunae and reddish homogenous areas. For non-vascular tumors, vessels were identifiable in 90% of the tumors seen.
Conclusion: In this study, the use of dermoscopy in the diagnosis of red tumors proved to be a useful preliminary tool that aided in the observation of vascular pattern, albeit red lacunae, red to dark red homogenous areas, and different types of vessels. The identification of these structures may aid in arriving at a more precise diagnosis and help differentiate vascular from non-vascular tumors.



Belen KC, Jamora J, Ingente MC. Dermoscopic features of red tumors among Filipino patients seen at two centers. J Phil Dermatol Soc. 2018; 27(1): 25-33.



dermoscopy, nonmelanocytic tumor, vascular lesions.

1. Zaballos, Pedro, et al. Dermoscopy of Solitary Angiokeratomas: A Morphological Study. Archives of Dermatology. 2007; 143: 318-325. Accessed from http://archderm.jamanetwork.com /article.aspx? articleid=411694 >
2. Soyer, H. Peter and Giuseppe Argenziano, et al. Dermoscopy of Pigmented Skin Lesions (Part 2). European Journal of Dermatology. 2001; 11(5): 483-98. Accessed from http://www.gpcme. co.nz /pdf/2001%20CME-2%20EJD.pdf
3. Senel, E. Dermoscopic features of non-melanocytic skin tumours. Clinical Medicine Insights: Dermatology. 2013; 3: 5-10.
4. Stanganelli, Ignacio and Maria Antonietta Pizzichetta. Dermoscopy. Medscape Reference. 2012. Accessed from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/113078
5. Argenziano, Giuseppe, and Iris Zalaudek, et al. Vascular Structures in Skin Tumors: A Dermoscopy Study. Archives of Dermatology. 2004; 140: 1485-1489. Accessed from http://archderm. jamanetwork. com/ article.aspx?volume=140&issue=12&page=1485
6. Nouri, Keyvan and Tina S. Alster. Laser Treatment of Congenital and Aqcuired Vascular Lesions. Medscape Reference. 2012. Accessed from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1120509
7. Mentzel, T. Vascular Tumors. New Entities in Pathology of Soft Tissue Tumors. 1999; 32(3): 277-279. Accessed from http://www.conganat.org/seap/revista/v32-n3/13.pdf
8. Zaballos, Pedro, et al. Pyogenic Granuloma Clinically and Dermoscopically Mimicking Pigmented Melanoma. Dermatology Online Journal. 2012. 15(10). Accessed from http://dermatology.cdlib.org/1510/case_presentations/pyogenic_granuloma/zaballos.html
9. Zaballos, P., Llambrich, A., et al. Dermoscopic findings of pilomatricomas. Dermatology. 2008; 217: 225-230.
10. Palmer, A., Bowling J. Dermoscopic appearance of juvenile xanthogranuloma. Dermatology. 2007: 215: 256-259.
11. Zaballos, P., Llambrich, A., Cuellar, F., et al. Dermoscopic findings in pyogenic granuloma. British Journal of Dermatology. 2006; 154: 1108-1111.
12. Moscarella, E., Zalaudek, I., et al. Dermoscopy and confocal microscopy of thrombosed hemangiomas. Archives of Dermatology. 2012: 148 (3): 410.
13. Wolf, Ingrid H. Dermoscopic Diagnosis of Vascular Lesions. Clinics in Dermatology. 2012; 20(3): 273-275. Accessed from http://www.mendeley.com/research/dermoscopic-diagnosis-vascular-lesions/#
14. Toledo-Alberola, F., et al. Abortive hemangiomas. Description of clinical and pathological findings with special emphasis on dermascopy. European Journal of Dermatology. 2010; 20(4): 497-500.
15. Kim, J., Kim M., Lee, S., et al. Dermoscopy: a useful tool for the diagnosis of angiokeratoma. Annals of Dermatology. 2012; 24(4): 468-471.
16. Song M, Kim S-H, Jung D-S, Ko H-C, Kwon K-S, and Kim M-B. Structural correlations between dermoscopic and histopathological features of juvenile xanthogranuloma. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 2011: 25; 259-263.
17. Arpaia N, Cassano N, Vena GA. Dermoscopic patterns of dermatofibroma. Dermatol Surg.2005; 31:1336-9.
18. Zaballos P, Puig S, Llambrich A, Malvehy J. Dermoscopy of dermatofibromas: a prospective morphological study of 412 cases. Arch Dermatol. 2008; 144: 75-83.
19. Ianhez, M., Cestari, S., et al. Dermoscopic patterns of molluscum contagiosum: a study of 211 lesions confirmed by histopathology. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia. 2011; 86(1): 79-4.
20. Vasquez-Lopez F, Kreusch J, Marghoob AA. Dermoscopic semiology: further insights into vascular features by screening a large spectrum of nontumoral skin lesions. Br J Dermatol. 2004; 150: 226-31.
21. Zaballos P, Ara M, Puig S, Malvehy J. Dermoscopy of molluscum contagiosum: a useful tool for clinical diagnosis in adulthood. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2006; 20: 482-3.
22. Morales A, Puig S, Malvehy J, Zaballos P. Dermoscopy of molluscum contagiosum. Arch Dermatol. 2005: 141:1644.
23. Lallas, A., Moscarella, E., et al. Dermoscopy of uncommon skin tumours. Australasian Journal of Dermatology. 2013: 1-10. 2005: 141:1644.

More Articles

A randomized, double-blind, comparative study on the safety and efficacy of virgin coconut (Cocos nucifera l.) oil against 1% hydrocortisone lotion as an anti-inflammatory and antipruritic preparation for mosquito reactions

  Authors: Uy, Veronica S, MD; Gracia B. Teodosio, MD, FPDS; Ma. Teresita G. Gabriel, MD, FPDS; Mary Catherine T. Galang, MD; Mohammad Yoga A. Waskito, MD; Johannes F. Dayrit, MD, FPDS     Abstract Background: Virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been reported...

read more