November 2018

Volume 27, Number 2

Official Publication of the Philippine Dermatological Society
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Editorial

JPDS: then and now

The first issue of the JPDS was released in September of 1992 as one of the projects of Dr. Lina Torralba as PDS president. It was envisioned as the PDS members’ venue for scientific communication and publication of researches related to dermatology. Through the years, the JPDS has regularly upgraded to meet the continuing medical education needs of PDS members. The JPDS has maintained its role as one of our most powerful tools in fulfilling our vision to be the recognized and respected “dermauthority” in the country.

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Let's Hear From a Colleague

Melasma in brown skin: part 2

The first part of this series has touched on the relevance of melasma in the brown skin populace, from the definition, epidemiology, clinical patterns, etiopathogenesis to diagnosis and clinical assessment. This second part aims to optimize medical management of melasma, with emphasis on the topical and oral options available for people of brown skin.

Clinical Trials

A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Comparative Study on the Efficacy and Safety of 2% Enzymatic Virgin Coconut Oil Monoglyceride Cream versus 5% Benzoyl Peroxide Cream in the Treatment of Mild to Moderate Acne Vulgaris

A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Comparative Study on the Efficacy and Safety of 2% Enzymatic Virgin Coconut Oil Monoglyceride Cream versus 5% Benzoyl Peroxide Cream in the Treatment of Mild to Moderate Acne Vulgaris

Acne vulgaris is a common dermatologic disorder caused by follicular colonization of Propionibacterium acnes leading to inflammation. Enzymatic virgin coconut oil monoglyceride has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects and antimicrobial activity against Propionibacterium acnes.

Observational Studies

A descriptive study on the clinical, dermoscopic and histopathologic features of pigmented skin lesions among Filipino adults

A descriptive study on the clinical, dermoscopic and histopathologic features of pigmented skin lesions among Filipino adults

Dermoscopy increases the diagnostic accuracy of clinical visual inspection by 5% to 30%. This has led to a reduction of unnecessary excision of benign skin lesions and the earlier diagnosis of malignant skin lesions.
Objectives: To compare the concordance agreement of the clinical versus histopathologic diagnosis to the concordance agreement of the dermoscopic versus histopathologic diagnosis of pigmented lesions.

Cross-sectional survey on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Philippine Dermatological Society members related to HIV/AIDS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) remains a major challenge worldwide. Physicians have a crucial role in the struggle against HIV/AIDS and must be equipped with proper knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP). No study has been done to assess the KAP of dermatologists related to HIV-AIDS.Objective: The study’s objective was to determine the KAP of Philippine Dermatological Society (PDS) members related to HIV/AIDS.

ABC’S (Application of Basic Concepts) in Dermatology Research

An introduction to observational studies

A clinical trial is a planned experiment designed to evaluate the benefits of a treatment for a specific medical condition. A welldesigned clinical trial is the most rigorous research design for evaluating treatments. However, there several situations where it is neither possible nor ethical to conduct a clinical trial.

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Case Reports

Behçet’s disease in 2 Filipinos: a case report

Behçet’s disease in 2 Filipinos: a case report

Behçet’s disease is a chronic multisystem disease that is characterized by vasculitis. Recurrent oral aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, skin and ocular lesions, and arthritis are the most frequent clinical manifestations. Pathergy may or may not be present. Due to its distinct clinical presentation, knowledge and clinical expertise are needed in order to promptly establish the diagnosis and address the disease. We report two cases of Behcet’s Disease in 2 Filipinos on the basis of history, clinical presentation, and supported by skin punch biopsy findings.

Acquired hemochromatosis: a case report in a Filipino patient and literature review

Acquired hemochromatosis: a case report in a Filipino patient and literature review

Hemochromatosis is a hereditary or acquired chronic iron overload syndrome that presents with organ damage to the liver, pancreas, heart, joints and skin due to pathologic iron deposition. Hereditary hemochromatosis is a common genetic disorder with human hemochromatosis protein (HFE) mutations found in European ethnic groups but has low-prevalence in the Asian population.

Tropical Grove

 
Single lesion lepromatous leprosy in a teenager: an unexpected scenario

Single lesion lepromatous leprosy in a teenager: an unexpected scenario

Hansen’s disease (HD) is a chronic granulomatous disease principally affecting the skin and peripheral nervous system caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The incubation period varies from months to more than 30 years. The tuberculoid form of HD usually presents with a single hypoesthetic patch and skin biopsy shows epithelioid granulomas with absence of bacilli on Fite-Faraco stain. In contradistinction, lepromatous leprosy usually presents with numerous papules, plaques and nodules with induration of the ears and nose. Biopsy shows foamy granulomas with presence of acid-fast bacilli on Fite-Faraco stain.

What Lies Beneath

 

Brief Communication

 
Pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD)-like mycosis fungoides on the leg of a Filipino male

Pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD)-like mycosis fungoides on the leg of a Filipino male

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is an epidermotropic, primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) composed of small to medium-sized T-lymphocytes with cerebriform nuclei and with a T-helper phenotype.1 This is the most common type of cutaneous lymphoma, which represents almost 50% of all lymphomas arising in the skin.1-3 The incidence of MF is approximately 0.36 per 100,000 person-years in the United States.4-5

Frequently Asked Questions

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Read about commonly asked questions and their answers.

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