Kun A. Yunanto, Nurelly N. Waspodo, Farida Tabri, Faridha Ilyas, Sri Rimayani
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease with complex interplay between genetic and environment factors. Psoriasis in children is very rare, it needs more attention and good handling because it may affect the quality of life of children both physically and psychologically. Increasing epidemiological evidence suggests that patients with psoriasis may be more obese compared with the general population. The exact mechanism underlying the association between psoriasis and obesity is uncertain. However it was theorized that adipocyte elaboration of pro-inflammatory cytokines may exacerbate psoriasis.
Katrina Marie Macandog Salvosa, MD, Maria Rosa Noliza F. Encarnacion, MD, Milali T. Torres, MD, FPDS, Elizabeth Prieto, MD, FPDS
Pityriasis Lichenoides Chronica (PLC) is a chronic, non-communicable, skin disease that affects all racial and ethnic groups in all geographic regions. It is more common in children and young adults with a male predominance of 1.5:1 to 3:1.
Elisabeth Ryan, MD, Johannes F. Dayrit, MD, FPDS
Cutaneous Mastocytosis is characterized by a pathological increase and activation of mast cells in various tissues, particularly in the skin. It is the most common type of mastocytosis occurring in children. Bullous mastocytosis is a very rare variant with onset usually in the first year of life. It has a reserved prognosis with risk of systemic involvement, shock, and sudden death.
Elisabeth Ryan, MD1, Audi Sugiharto,MD1, Johannes F. Dayrit, MD, FPDS2
Chronic bullous disease of childhood (CBDC) is a rare autoimmune blistering disease, non-hereditary, and is characterized by immunoglobulin A (IgA) deposits at the basement membrane zone. It has been considered the pediatric variant of adult linear IgA disease.
Elisabeth Ryan, MD1, Roy Lawrence S. Paredes, MD1, Clarisse G. Mendoza, MD, FPDS2
Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a rare genodermatosis characterized by fragility of the skin and mucous membranes, manifested by blistering with little or no trauma. There are three subtypes: EB Simplex, Junctional EB, and Dystrophic EB. Each type of EB has its own specific genetic defect.
Carminda P. Rogacion, MD, Johannes F. Dayrit, MD, FPDS
Erythema induratum is an inflammatory panniculitis. It commonly presents with ulcerated nodules and deep plaques on the lower legs and is frequently associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.