(Last Updated On: May 4, 2019)


Authors: Vista, Emmerson Gale, MD, FPDS, DPSV




Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain a public health problem worldwide. Hence in 2011, the Philippine Dermatological Society (PDS) started to take the initiative to document STI cases in all its institutions.
One major barrier to STI prevention and control is the stigma associated with STIs. STI counselling in primary care can help encourage patients to undergo STI testing, treatment and partner referral. HIV
In 2017, the Philippines has registered the fastest-growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Asia-Pacific.
The risk of HIV infection may be reduced by abstaining from sex, limiting the number of sexual partners or sticking to a monogamous relationship, using condoms the right way when engaging in sex and avoiding sharing of needles. In HIV-positive individuals on the other hand, early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is said to improve their overall health and reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
STI infections like syphilis, HIV, HPV and herpes may on the rise but clinicians can have a significant impact on this trend. With effective screening, counselling, early and accurate diagnosis and treatment, the threat and burden of STIs can be greatly reduced.



Vista EG. Updates on sexually transmitted infections in the Philippines. J Phil Dermatol Soc. 2018; 27(1): 8-10.



Sexually transmitted infection, syphilis, human papillomavirus, herpes simplex virus, human immunodeficiency virus,


  1. Torgovnik J. (2016, Aug 3). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Retrieved Oct. 18,2018 from http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-(stis).
  2. Hood JE, Friedman AL. Unveiling the hidden epidemic: a review of stigma associated with sexually transmissible infections. Sexual Health 2010; 8(2): 159-170.
  3. Chesney M, Smith A. Critical delays in testing and care: the potential role of stigma. Am Behav Scientist 1999; 42: 1162-74. In: Kalichman SC, Simbayi LC. HIV testing attitudes, AIDS stigma, and voluntary HIV counselling and testing in a black township in Cape Town, South Africa. Sex Transm Infect 2003; 79: 442-447.
  4. Herek GM, Capitanio JP, Widaman KF. Stigma, social risk, and health policy: public attitudes toward HIV surveillance policies and the social construction of illness. Health Psych (in press). In: Kalichman SC, Simbayi LC. HIV testing attitudes, AIDS stigma, and voluntary HIV counselling and testing in a black township in Cape Town, South Africa. Sex Transm Infect 2003; 79: 442-447.
  5. UNAIDS. (2017). Country factsheets Philippines 2017: HIV and AIDS Estimates. Retrieved October 18, 2018 from http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/
  6. Department of Health-Epidemiology Bureau. (2018, August). HIV/AIDS & ART Registry of the Philippines. Retrieved October 17, 2018 from https:// www.doh.gov.ph/sites/default/files/statistics/EB_HIV_August_AIDSreg2018.pdf.
  7. US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018, August 27). HIV/ AIDS: Prevention. Retrieved Oct. 22, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/prevention.html.
  8. Sharma M, Tan DHS. HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. CMAJ 2014; 186(15): E588.
  9. Jehuda-Cohen T. The HIV Seronegative Window Period: Diagnostic Challenges and Solutions. Recent Translational Research in HIV/AIDS 2011.
  10. Hicks CB, Clement M. (2018, Aug). Syphilis: Screening and diagnostic testing. Retrieved Oct 18,2018 from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/syphilisscreening-and-diagnostic-testing#H1818142166.
  11. Scherer EM, Smith RA, Gallego DF, Carter JJ, Wipf GC, et al. A Single Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Dose Improves B Cell Memory in Previously Infected Subjects. EBioMed 2016; 10: 55-64.
  12. Johnston C, Corey L. Current Concepts for Genital Herpes Simplex Virus Infection: Diagnostics and Pathogenesis of Genital Tract Shedding. American Society
    for Microbiology: Clinical Microbiol Rev 2016; 29(1): 149-61.

More Articles

A randomized, double-blind, comparative study on the safety and efficacy of virgin coconut (Cocos nucifera l.) oil against 1% hydrocortisone lotion as an anti-inflammatory and antipruritic preparation for mosquito reactions

  Authors: Uy, Veronica S, MD; Gracia B. Teodosio, MD, FPDS; Ma. Teresita G. Gabriel, MD, FPDS; Mary Catherine T. Galang, MD; Mohammad Yoga A. Waskito, MD; Johannes F. Dayrit, MD, FPDS     Abstract Background: Virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been reported...

read more